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The creators of a new large language model called BLOOM want to democratize AI

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The information: A volunteer in New Zealand has turn out to be the primary particular person to bear DNA enhancing in an effort to decrease their blood ldl cholesterol, a step that will foreshadow large use of the know-how to forestall coronary heart assaults.

How did they do it?: The experiment concerned injecting a model of the gene-editing software CRISPR in an effort to modify a single letter of DNA within the affected person’s liver cells. In accordance with the corporate, that tiny edit ought to be sufficient to completely decrease an individual’s ranges of “unhealthy” LDL ldl cholesterol, the fatty molecule that causes arteries to clog and harden with time.

Why is it essential?: Whereas the affected person had an inherited threat for extra-high ldl cholesterol and was already affected by coronary heart illness, the corporate believes the identical approach might finally be used to forestall heart problems. Within the 10 years since scientists developed CRISPR, it has solely been examined on folks affected by uncommon ailments, and solely as a part of exploratory trials. If profitable, it might sign far wider use of gene enhancing to forestall widespread situations. Read the full story.

—Antonio Regalado

That is the James Webb Area Telescope’s “poetic” first picture of the universe

The primary gorgeous image taken by the James Webb Area Telescope (JWST) has been launched, depicting hundreds of galaxies, some relationship again greater than 13 billion years.

The picture, unveiled by President Biden final night time, reveals a small portion of the sky—akin to the span of a grain of sand held at arm’s size—enhanced significantly by the JWST’s outstanding light-collecting energy. The extra distant galaxies date again to not lengthy after the start of the universe, and have been magnified into view by an enormous galaxy within the foreground. Read the full story.

There are extra photographs to return later at the moment—be sure that to return again to technologyreview.com to see them.

—Jonathan O’Callaghan

Inside a radical new undertaking to democratize AI

Contained in the French Nationwide Middle for Scientific Analysis, on the outskirts of Paris, a supercomputer has spent 117 days gestating a brand new massive language mannequin (LLM) referred to as BLOOM that its creators hope represents a radical departure from the way in which AI is normally developed.

In contrast to different, extra well-known massive language fashions, BLOOM is designed to be as clear as potential, with researchers sharing particulars concerning the information it was skilled on within the hopes of constructing long-lasting modifications within the tradition of AI growth—and serving to democratize entry to cutting-edge AI know-how for researchers world wide. Read the full story.

—Melissa Heikkilä

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